A Brief History of the Barton and Royle Homes

Barton Almshouses, Turvey
Residents at the Barton Almshouse

The Barton Charity

The institution of The Barton Charity originated in 1881 with a desire to provide an asylum for deserving and necessitous poor of Turvey and Bedford. The Founder of the almshouses and memorial hall was James Barton of Oakley House, 196 Camden Road, London who was an Ironmonger born on 21st July 1815 to parents Thomas and Catherine in Bedford and baptised in the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. The Barton Ironmongers prospered so much so that at his death in 1886 he was able to bequeath £ 37, 038 in his will.  Prior to that on 14th June 1884 a ‘Deed of Gift of land at Turvey’ was made by James Barton to the first Trustees of The James, Mary, & Louisa Barton Charity. It was upon this land at Station End, Turvey that the almshouses and memorial hall were erected and endowed in loving memory of Mary and Louisa Barton, by their brother, James Barton under the auspices of The James, Mary and Louisa Barton Charity. The almshouses were intended for the relief of ten single and ten married couples who were poor and of good character and reputation, being inhabitants of the Parish of Turvey and of the Town of Bedford.

The almshouses and memorial hall were built at a cost of £ 6, 197, and £ 16, 833 was invested in the Trust for the upkeep of the building and residents. They officially opened on Wednesday 24th June 1885. The three weather damaged foundation tablets of 1885 were reproduced in 2008 and the new granite tablets have been installed over the original tablets in order that the intentions of the Founder, as set out on the tablets in 1885, did not further deteriorate and become lost.

The Almhouses

The architecture was of the Tudor style, in red brick with stone dressings. The frontage had a length of 200 feet with a south aspect. Each resident had two rooms, a bedroom and a little living room. They shared the use of a washhouse with kitchen and scullery. The accommodation was on two floors. and the ground floor of the central portion was for occupation by the Caretaker and his wife. The central block on the first floor had an Oriel window for the Board Room, surmounted by a turret clock, by Benson of London. In the rear of the building was the Memorial Hall, for holding religious services and entertainments. At one end there was an organ chamber with an organ built by Messrs. Gray and Davison, London. Above the decorated 8 feet open diapason pipes was a circular stained glass window. This window was saved and is installed in the end wall of the present Community Hall.

The residents of the almshouses received weekly pensions from the Charity of 6/- for single persons and 8/- for married couples. It is noted in the ‘Jubilee Souvenir Handbook’ published in Bedford, April, 1935 that in the year 1916 the pensions were increased to 8/- a week for single persons and 12/- per week for married couples which were in addition to the Pensioners’ Old Age Pensions of 10/- per week each received under the Government Scheme. In 1887, 1889 and 1893 further land adjoining the Institution was purchased by the Trustees, and this land was used as vegetable and flower gardens by the Pensioners and the Caretaker.

Improvements to the Victorian building were made; water had been drawn from a large well until 1913 when a continuous supply of water was installed from the Water Supply in the ownership of Captain Higgins of Turvey. In July 1922 electric light was installed produced from their own electric engine and plant, by 1935 electricity was being supplied by the Public Electric Supply and in 1928 the sanitary provisions were improved by the installation of a septic tank and new toilets.

Creation of the Barton and Royle Homes (1963)

Due to the increasing costs involved in further improvements necessary to bring the Victorian building up to the required standard it was found necessary to seek additional funding,  Sir George Royle  (1862 Levenshulme, Lancashire – 1949 Bedford)a Barrister and former Mayor of Bedford, who had been made a Honorary Freeman of the Borough (of Bedford) on 28th April 1944, had left provision in his will (1945), ‘The Sir George Royle Trust’ for the establishment of almshouses for the people of Bedford. The creation of such almhouses in Bedford ran into a number of difficulties.  In 1955 an approach to the Charity Commission for their views on combining The James, Mary & Louisa Barton Charity with The Sir George Royle Trust was made and after years of negotiation a new Scheme was sealed and dated 27th September 1963 combining The James, Mary & Louisa Barton Charity with The Sir George Royle Trust, under the title of the Barton and Royle Homes.

There were still issues as to the most judicious method of modernising the existing building and on 4th May 1966 another Scheme was sealed that amended Clause 1 of the Principal Scheme to read that “immediately after the words ‘administered and managed’ there are inserted the words ‘together as one Charity’. Item 3 allowed for the demolition of the existing building that would be replaced by 26 almshouses, 18 of which to be called the Royle Homes and the other 8 to be called the Barton Homes, and a chapel and communal room. The new bungalows were built in sections during the second half of 1966 and when a section of bungalows were ready they were occupied by existing residents of the Victorian building. Once the existing residents were re-housed the Victorian building was demolished. Subsequently the remaining properties and the Chapel/Community Hall were built.

Comments about this page

  • Thank you for posting your comment and interesting information about the source of James’s fortune. There seems to be a discrepancy, however, about his parentage. The information on Ancestry, including baptism and census records, suggests that James, Louisa and Mary (the charity founders) were all the children of Thomas and Catherine Barton of St. Paul’s Parish, Bedford. I’m wondering therefore whether we have the same James Barton?
    Kind regards,
    Sara Jenkins
    Coordinator/Secretary Turvey History Society

    By Sara Jenkins (11/06/2020)
  • James Barton was my great-great-great uncle. He was born at Langford, Beds., the son of Joseph Barton, a butcher. He had a shop on Oxford Road, London. He dealt in saddlery and horse harness. He designed a type of brush or comb for horses which made him a fortune. He is buried in Highgate Cemetery, north London.

    By Michael Rutt (28/05/2020)
  • I’m sorry for the delay in replying to your query. I’m afraid we haven’t been able to establish if there is a list of previous inhabitants, but if your ancestor William Cotton died in 1875 he could not have lived in the almshouses as they were not opened until 1885. I don’t know if you’ve noticed the article on the war memorial, but there is a Reginald Cotton, son of Charles Cotton, who died in the First World War recorded on that, perhaps another connection to you? Do you have the dates for the other people you mention?
    Kind regards,
    Sara Jenkins
    Secretary, Turvey History Society

    By Sara Jenkins (18/11/2019)
  • Just a question please, is there a list of the inhabitants of these almshouses?
    I believe am a descendant of William Cotton c1809 1875. Also maybe Thomas Clare who married Sophia Pinkard

    By Dee (21/10/2019)

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